Week Three Phase Three
This is known as the concluding fat loss week or the high-carb high-protein cycle. During this week, your food consumption should be as follows :
- 1 to 2 days high in carbs
- 1 to 2 days high in protein and low in carbs
- one to two days high in carbs
- 1 to 2 days high in protein and low in carbs
1. Undereating window Eat the same foods that you had been eating during the first week.
2. Overeating window Break your fast with the same salad that you have been having. The next large meal or smaller meals should consist of cooked vegetables, some animal protein, and one main source of carbohydrates like corn, rice, potatoes, whole-wheat pasta, barley, or oats.
High-Protein Low-Carb Days
1. 20-hour Underfeeding window The same foods and drinks that you have been having throughout the previous weeks.
2. 4-hour Overfeeding window Break your fast with the same salad, and the next meals should have 227 to 454 grams animal protein and some cooked, non-starchy vegetables.
3. Fruit While you should not consume grains or starchy veggies during these days, you can have some fruit if you are still hungry at the end of the night.
Once you have completed this 3-week phase, you are supposed to start it all over again. If this suggestion does not appeal to you, just stick to the undereating rules set for the 20 hours and then consume healthy, high-protein meals in the 4-hour overfeeding window.
Why Intermittent Fasting Is Bad
Non- fasting days are not days when you can splurge on whatever you want as this can lead to weight gain. Fasting may also lead to an increase in the stress hormone, cortisol, which may lead to even more food cravings. Keep in mind that overeating and binge eating are two common side effects of intermittent fasting .
What Does Intermittent Fasting Do
Intermittent fasting is about when you eat, not what you eat. Itâs essentially blocking out times during the day or during the week when you fast or refrain from eating. Some popular versions of intermittent fasting include
- The 16:8 schedule
- The 5:2
- Alternate-day fasting, or periodic fasting with occasional consecutive fasting periods
Scientists think when we stop eating for extended periods of time, our bodies undergo a âmetabolic switch,â where the body moves from using glucose for energy to fatty acids and their descendants â molecules called ketones .
Matthew Phillips, a neurologist at Waikato Hospital in New Zealand, tells Inverse the switch gives our bodyâs cells a âmild bioenergetic challenge of nutrient deprivation by hunkering down and focusing more on maintenance, stress resistance, repair, and metabolic efficiency, rather than growth.â
Intermittent fasting may or may not result in an intake of fewer calories naturally, and people who fast intermittently may or may not have weight loss in mind. Proponents of intermittent fasting talk about their reduced inflammation, improved energy, mental clarity, and improved diabetes management – but research on humans in the long term is not yet conclusive.
What experts say about intermittent fasting vs. calorie restriction
â… there are health benefits that go beyond this calorie restriction.â
Intermittent fasting and ârealâ people
Does Intermittent Fasting Work For Everyone
Varady and her colleagues hoped the review would help debunk some myths regarding intermittent fasting. Two such myths that intermittent fasting negatively affects metabolism, and that it causes disordered eating are not true, according to the studies reviewed. People are often concerned that fasting will make them feel lethargic and unable to concentrate, says Varady. Yet many people in these studies reported experiencing a boost of energy on fasting days, she says.
Although its different for each person, I would say that its a very small subset of patients who really notices improved mental clarity or energy with intermittent fasting, says Fatima Cody Stanford, MD, MPH, associate professor and obesity medicine physician scientist at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston, who was not involved in the review. Many people dont feel great while they are fasting for a variety of reasons. In some cases, their blood sugar might get too low during the fasting period, she says.
There are several groups who should not fast, according to the studies. Those individuals include:
- Those who are pregnant or lactating
- Children under 12
- Those with a history of disordered eating
- Those with a body mass index, or BMI, less than 18.5
- Shift workers, who studies have shown have difficulty with fasting regimens because of the changes in work schedules
- People who need to take medication with food at regimented times
Level Of Effort: Hard
Limitations: Its not easy to skip most of your calories a few days a week and rely mostly on water, coffee, and tea to keep you feeling full. Youll need a balanced meal plan to eat in moderation on your so-called âfeastâ days, despite their name. You can indulge in a treat occasionally, but thatâs about it if you want to see results.
Cooking and shopping: You can continue your regular cooking and shopping, as long as you stick to mostly healthy foods.
Packaged food and meals? No.
In-person meetings: No.
Exercise: How much you exercise is up to you. But obviously, youre not going to have a lot of energy for that on your fasting days. The creators of the Every Other Day diet studied people doing cardiovascular exercise while on the alternate-day fasting plan and found that they were able to maintain muscle mass while fasting.
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The Daily Calories Intake During Interval Fasting
Counting calories is not sufficient, and you dont need to count calories. However, a low intake of food can make it difficult for you to succeed in the long run.
If you tend to eat far too much or far too little food, it can make sense to check your calories as part of an initial control during Intermittent Fasting.
At least until you have learned how much food you can or should eat in your relatively short 8-hour eating phase.
You can calculate your total daily calorie requirement using basal metabolic rate and power metabolic rate. And try to consume at least 80 percent of it.
Of course, it doesnt matter if you eat only half of your calories one day and maybe even exceed your needs the next. A change in the amount of energy consumed daily is even quite beneficial to keep the metabolism at a high level during short-term fasting.
On a weekly average, however, you should not be below this 80 percent threshold to take advantage of Intermittent Fasting in the long term and to avoid damaging your metabolism.
Reap The Rewards Of Intermittent Fasting And Avoid The Downsides
CR fills you in on the best times to eat for weight loss and health
It has long been known that what and how much you eat can influence your weight and risk of chronic illness. Now researchers are focusing on the effects of when you eat.
Studies suggest that intermittent fastingtypically, eating only during an 8-hour period or eating only every other daycould have many potential benefits, including improvements in glucose and cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and weight. Done in a healthful way, intermittent fasting holds promise for controlling inflammation and lowering the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and even some cancers.
The benefits are thought to result from a process called metabolic switching, which is when the body goes into a fasting state and begins using body fat instead of glucose to meet its energy needs. Intermittent fasting helps preserve the bodys normal interplay between the hormone insulin and blood glucose, preventing insulin resistance . Metabolic switching also signals the body to activate maintenance and repair systems, which aid in disease prevention.
But intermittent fasting isnt for everyone. Going for long periods without food may be too extreme for some older adults, people with diabetes, and those who must take certain medications at designated hours, among others, says Dorothy Sears, PhD, a professor of nutrition at Arizona State University College of Health Solutions in Phoenix.
Also Check: How Does Fasting Work For Weight Loss
How Should I Eat On Non
Intermittent fasting is the best Way of Eating for food lovers! On non-fast days you are free to eat whatever you like. Though, of course, if you want to lose weight, perhaps not as much as you fancy. And, strange though it may seem, the fast days will probably reduce your appetite on non-fast days rather than increasing it.
You may find you are not particularly hungry on the day after a fast day. Theres no need to eat a lot if you dont feel like it! It is fine to wait until you are hungry before eating on a non-fast day.
Your tastes may change so that you no longer feel cravings for sweet, sugary foods.
You will understand hunger better and find you snack less and can wait for meal times without worrying about when it will be time to eat.
These kinds of changes wont happen immediately. Your hunger on non-fast days may vary greatly. You might find that you have non-fast days when you are really hungry and eat a lot. Many people experience this in the early days. Dont worry if this happens, just concentrate on sticking to your planned fasts. After 6 weeks of fasting, if you are still having problems with overeating, and you are not losing any weight, you might want to consider whether to change your fasting method or to make other changes. Our pages on Troubleshooting may be helpful here, or visit our FastDay forum for some personal advice from the community.
Metabolism And Interval Fasting
Extreme diets like the 24-Hour Diet can cause your metabolism to drop more than you want or cause the opposite result through the Yo-yo effect. The good news is intermittent fasting is not one of these diets.
After losing 15 percent of your body weight on a diet, your metabolic rate will likely drop by more than 15 percent at the same time. Because you metabolize fewer calories, and your body is adapting.
According to studies, if your body weight increases again to the initial level, your metabolism will not fully recover.
In other words, you lose 10 kilos, and sooner or later, you gain 10 kilos again. Your weight didnt change, but your metabolic rate is lower. So with the same amount of food, you now gain weight instead of maintaining your weight.
Thats why it is essential to eat enough calories to avoid long-term damage to your metabolism.
A radical reduction in calories should never accompany intermittent fasting. Intermittent fasting helps you achieve long-term weight loss without the constant ups and downs.
Also, with IF, you dont have to restrict your food quantity to reach your goal. And you dont have to count calories!
Recommended Reading: How To Start Keto Diet And Intermittent Fasting
Intermittent Fasting May Not Offer Dramatic Benefits Heres Why
What defines success depends on who you ask.
Intermittent fasting encompasses a few approaches to food: eating during only certain hours of the day, refraining completely on certain days, or drastically reducing calories on a few days of the week. And yet, scientists and practitioners alike insist itâs not a diet. Itâs an eating pattern.
The appeal of intermittent fasting to a general audience is arguably just that: itâs non-dietness. If you limit your eating to certain hours of the day, the reasoning goes, thereâs no need to restrict calories.
It makes sense then that intermittent fasting is often pitted against calorie restriction â specifically reducing calories consumed per day â in scientific studies. The question is: Does it actually help people achieve their health goals, would they be better off trying calorie restriction, or should they choose something else entirely?
What Are The Possible Side Effects
There can be a number of possible side effects of intermittent fasting.40 Heres what to do if you encounter them:
- Hunger is the most common side effect of intermittent fasting. This may be less of an issue if youre already on a keto or low-carb, higher-fat diet.41Learn more
- Constipation is common. Less going in means less going out. However, keep in mind this is a normal response to eating less. It is not a concern and shouldnt require treatment unless you experience significant bloating or abdominal discomfort. Standard laxatives or magnesium supplements can be used, if needed.
- Headaches are common and tend to disappear after the first few times on fasts.42 Taking some extra salt often helps mitigate such headaches.43
- Mineral water may help if your stomach tends to gurgle.
- Other possible side effects include dizziness, heartburn and muscle cramps. Learn more
A more serious side effect is the refeeding syndrome. Fortunately, this is rare and generally only happens with extended fasts when one is undernourished.44
Since most of these side effects are manageable, they do not mean you have to stop your fast. However, if you truly feel unwell, are excessively dizzy, profoundly weak or have other severe symptoms, then you should break your fast.
Just remember to go slowly when you break it and prioritize fluids and salt . And of course, if the symptoms persist, see your doctor immediately.
Read Also: What Should Your Blood Sugar Be Fasting
Reduce Stress And Improve Mental Health
The 16:8 diet help reduce cortisol levels and help reduce inflammation. Plus, since you wont be dealing with hunger for two days a week, its better for your mental health.
Those whove tried the 16:8 diet say how much more productive they are during fasting hours, spending less time stressing over food and more time channelling their energy into other beneficial tasks throughout the day.
What Can You Eat On The 1: 8 Diet
This diet isnt suggesting you cram all the food you can into 8 hours. You need to make sure youre eating a balance of fat busting and health boosting foods. Experts have suggest making sure you get a balance of lean meat, eggs, dairy, vegetables, nuts and beans each day.
Make sure to eat a balanced diet.
Tom said, Many people fail the 16:8 diet by packing in too many calories into the 8 hour period, often trying to get some in before the 8 hours ends. You should still be following a strict diet with a complete nutritional breakdown, to ensure you are consuming a targeted number of calories, not to mention macro nutrients and ensuring youre not consuming too much sugar.
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How Does The 1: 8 Diet Work
The 16:8 diet works on an hourly basis. So each day you can eat within an 8 hour time frame and fast for the remaining 16 hours. The best part? You dont have to restrict your calories when eating during the 8 hour window. As long as you eat healthily in your 8 hour time frame, youll see the weight drop off.
Experts say that the 16.8 diet restricted schedule gives our bodies the chance to process the nutrients stored in foods and burns away calories. Plus, you wont go hungry like you do on those two fasting days on the 5:2 either.
As Tom Jenane, nutrition and fitness expert explains, The 16:8 diet is a brilliant form of intermittent fasting that has proven results in a number of cases.
Jennifer Aniston is a famous fan of intermittent fasting.
As well as Jennifer Aniston, other Hollywood names who have seen success after following the 16:8 diet include Hugh Jackman, who reportedly used the diet to get in shape for his Wolverine films and actress Jennifer Love Hewitt.
Why Is Calorie Counting Important
Calorie counting helps you get a good idea of how much youre eating and what kinds of foods youre eating regularly. If you start counting your calories, youll likely start to see habits that have formed in regards to your eating style. From there, you can determine a plan of action that fits your health-related goals and workouts.
All of the content and media on Lifesum is created and published for information purposes only. It is not intended to be used as a substitute for medical advice or treatment. Users should always consult with a doctor or other health care professional for medical advice.
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How Does Fasting Affect My Calorie Count
Plain and simple it shouldnt. Your calorie goals should remain the same, youre just spreading out your mealtimes a bit more than you might normally. As we discussed earlier, you should never cut your calories to an unhealthy amount. You should always stay at or above your daily recommended calorie value.
Do note, however, that your meals might change due to your new schedule. Youll likely be eating just a few quite calorie-dense meals, so its important to adjust accordingly and make sure that youre getting a good amount of nutritional value in each meal. Calories arent the only thing that matter, you should be looking at your macronutrients, vitamins, and minerals as well.
What Types Of Intermittent Fasting Plans Lead To Weight Loss
The review included studies on three types of intermittent fasting:
- Alternate day fasting , which typically involves a day of unrestricted eating alternated with a fasting day where 500 calories consumed in one meal account for the total daily calorie intake
- The 5:2 diet, a modified version of alternate day fasting that involves five feasting days and two fasting days per week.
- Time-restricted eating , which limits eating to a specified number of hours per day , followed by 16 hours of fasting
Its worth noting that the review wasnt designed to compare the effectiveness of different types of intermittent fasting plans because the studies were done in different groups of people and using different parameters. But the results did indicate that individuals who followed either the alternate-day diet or the 5:2 plan both averaged a loss of around 7 percent of their body weight , and were able to maintain that loss for a year. Despite fasting much less frequently than alternate-day fasters, subjects who participated in the 5:2 diet lost an equivalent amount of weight, a finding that surprised researchers.
While all plans led to some weight loss, following a time-restricted eating plan was the least effective plan for shedding pounds. In total, participants with obesity who followed a time-restricted eating plan lost an average of 3 percent of their body weight.
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