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What Should My Fasting Blood Sugar Be In The Morning

Fasting Plasma Glucose Test

Why are my Morning Fasting Blood Sugar Levels high?

A fasting plasma glucose test is taken after at least eight hours of fasting and is therefore usually taken in the morning.

The NICE guidelines regard a fasting plasma glucose result of 5.5 to 6.9 mmol/l as putting someone at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, particularly when accompanied by other risk factors for type 2 diabetes.

Reduce Your Stress Levels Through Meditation

If you find your stress levels are high on a morning, you need to find a way to handle them. Stress is bad for you overall. Its known as a silent killer, as it raises your blood pressure and has no symptoms at all until you start to suffer from health problems seriously.

While exercise is a good way to reduce your stress levels, its not the only option. Nor is it the perfect option.

Meditation is a powerful way to keep your stress levels to a minimum. You can take in deep breaths, allowing your body to get all the oxygen it needs. Your mind focuses elsewhere, helping to release the tension and problems that are affecting your current levels of cortisol.

As your body can release more happy hormones, your stress hormones are suppressed. You can use breathing and meditation techniques regularly to keep your hormone levels balanced. Not only will you improve your morning glucose levels but youll find your overall health benefits considerably.

What You Ate The Night Before

There is research suggesting that a high fat, high calorie meal can cause increased liver glucose production and temporary elevated fasting glucose levels. The increase in free fatty acids from that meal can impair insulin sensitivity and increase glucose production. This effect is especially pronounced if you combine high fat + high carbohydrate + high calorie, which is a common formula found in foods such as pizza, ice cream, fried food, etc.

In fact, the high-fat + high-carb + high-calorie phenomenon is something we consistently see in the CGM data from our users. Our Director of Nutrition, Kara Collier, made this observation while on the Fundamental Health podcast:

âA refined carbohydrate plus a refined oil, this is every snack food that has ever existedâ¦and this food, when you have the combination of refined carbohydrate and refined oil, it creates a huge area under the curve. The fat slows down digestion, but you still have the refined carbohydrate in your system so your body is processing it for a long timeâ¦hese sort of meals lead to a massive area under the curve because your body is processing this huge load of carbohydrates/glucose and itâs stressful on the cell and the mitochondria.â

When Kara refers to the âarea under the curveâ, she is referring to the amount of time that your body is in a state of high blood glucose.

Read Also: Is Fasting Necessary For A1c Test

Recommended Blood Sugar Targets For Most People With Diabetes*

Your targets may not be the same as the examples in this chart. Your targets are important and should be specific to you.

A1C**
4.0 to 7.05.0 to 10.0

* This information is based on the Diabetes Canada 2018 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Diabetes in Canada and is a guide.** A1C is a measurement of your average blood sugar control for the last two to three months and approximately 50 per cent of the value comes from the last 30 days.

Still Frustrated With Your Blood Sugar And A1c Results

Why Is Blood Sugar High In The Morning?

Your blood sugars and your insulin or medication needs never stay in one place. If you gain weight or lose weight, your insulin and medication needs will change. If you become more active or less active, your needs will change. If you make drastic or even small changes to your nutrition, your needs will change!

Working with your diabetes healthcare team, and diabetes coaches who can teach you how to make changes in your overall diabetes management plan are essential. Diabetes is a lifelong learning process.

Take a deep breath and be patient. If you dont like what youre seeing on your glucose meter, dont get madget studying! Take good notes and work with your team to make changes to reach your goals.

Read more about improving your A1c in DiabetesStrongs guide, How to Lower Your A1c.

If you liked this guide to normal blood sugar levels, please sign up for our newsletter using the form below. We send out a weekly newsletter with the latest posts and recipes from Diabetes Strong.

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How Can High Blood Sugar Levels In The Morning Be Controlled

Once you and your doctor determine how your blood sugar levels are behaving at night, he or she can advise you about the changes you need to make to better control them. Options that your doctor may discuss depend on the cause of the morning high blood sugars.

For dawn phenomenon:

  • Changing the timing or type of your diabetes medications
  • Eating a lighter breakfast
  • Increasing your morning dose of diabetes medication
  • If you take insulin, switching to an insulin pump and programming it to release additional insulin in the morning

For Somogyi effect:

Expired Or Defective Insulin

There are specific requirements for storing and using insulin. Two things that render insulin ineffective are temperature and expiration. I once had an insulin pen that was exposed to way too much heat and it resulted in my blood sugar levels being high. As soon as started dosing with the new pen my blood sugar went back to normal.

Also Check: What Is Fasting On Keto

What You Need To Know About High Morning Blood Sugar

How in the world can your blood sugar climb during the night when you’re not eating a thing? Before blaming the carbs in last night’s dinner, consider these other common culprits.

Waking up and seeing a high blood sugar reading can be … puzzling. However, it is not as uncommon as you think. Here is all you need to know about your blood sugar numbers in the morning and what may be contributing to it.

Related: Diabetes Myths that Don’t Lower Blood Sugar

What Is The Normal Range For Blood Sugar Levels And What Blood Sugar Level Constitutes A True Emergency

Why is your morning blood sugar so high? (Find the fix!)

Dr. Horton answers the question: ‘Normal Range For Blood Sugar Levels?’

Question:What is the normal range for blood sugar levels, and what blood sugar level constitutes a true emergency?

Answer:Now, in a normal individual we measure blood sugar under different circumstances. What we call fasting blood sugar or blood glucose levels is usually done six to eight hours after the last meal. So it’s most commonly done before breakfast in the morning and the normal range there is 70 to 100 milligrams per deciliter.

Now when you eat a meal, blood sugar generally rises and in a normal individual it usually does not get above a 135 to 140 milligrams per deciliter. So there is a fairly narrow range of blood sugar throughout the entire day.

Now in our diabetic patients we see both low blood sugar levels that we call hypoglycemia, or elevated blood sugars, hyperglycemia. Now, if the blood sugar drops below about 60 or 65 milligrams per deciliter, people will generally get symptoms, which are some shakiness, feeling of hunger, maybe a little racing of the heart and they will usually be trenchant or if they eat something, it goes away right away. But if blood sugar drops below 50 and can get down as low as 40 or 30 or even 20, then there is a progressive loss of mental function and eventually unconsciousness and seizures. And of course that is very dangerous and a medical emergency.

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Know Your Blood Sugar

Blood sugar is the amount of sugar in your blood at a given time. It’s important to check your blood sugar level, because it will:

  • determine if you have a high or low blood sugar level at a given time
  • show you how your lifestyle and medication affect your blood sugar levels
  • help you and your diabetes health-care team make lifestyle and medication changes to improve your blood sugar levels

What Is The Dawn Phenomenon

Your body uses glucose for energy and it is important to have enough extra energy to be able to wake up in the morning. So for a period of time in the early morning hours, usually between 3 a.m. and 8 a.m., your body starts churning out stored glucose to prepare for the upcoming day.

At the same time, your body releases hormones that reduce your sensitivity to insulin. In addition, these events may be happening while your diabetes medication doses taken the day before are wearing off.

These events cause your body’s blood sugar levels to rise in the morning .

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How To Lower Blood Sugar In The Morning

As with any time of the day, lowering blood sugar will usually mean taking medication.

If youre taking other medication for diabetes, just make sure youre taking the right amount at the right time of day. With insulin, you might want to use insulin to lower your blood sugar back to a stable level.

To figure out how much insulin you might need, you can let Hedia assist you in your calculations. Tell Hedia what your blood sugar level is, and the insulin calculator will take your basal insulin into account.

If youll be having breakfast soon after waking, youll probably want to include that in your calculation. If you have a favourite breakfast that you eat most mornings, you can add that to your favourites in Hedias food database for a quick add. Find out more by getting Hedia from the App Store or from !

On the topic of breakfast, it may be worth considering a low-carb breakfast, so as not to push those blood sugar levels even higher.

Regardless of what youre eating, Christel Oerum from Diabetes Strong points out the importance of eating any kind of breakfast. Having regular mealtimes that give you the energy that you need throughout the day ought to allow you more stable blood sugar without the adrenaline swings.

Achieving Normal Fasting Glucose Level

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The very first thing is to watch out the figures lower than 70 mg/dl. In case you’ve been experiencing more than two episodes of low figures then you should consult your doctor.

The most probable cause include medicine you are taking and diet you’re following. And that should be corrected to keep glucose level under control.

Trying to achieve normal fasting glucose level means you must work hard on it and never surrender.

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Delayed Effects Of Fatty Foods

Blood sugar levels typically peak within an hour or so after eating. However, a high-fat dinner containing fried foods, pizza, or cheesy casseroles might delay this normal jump in blood sugar until the morning. Why? Large amounts of dietary fat can make it harder for insulin to do its job, explains Scheiner. Plus, fat slows down digestion and absorption, which could cause blood sugar to peak later than usual.

Possible solutions: Opt for fish, skinless poultry, beans, and vegetables sautéed in olive oil over foods high in saturated fat like fried foods and those covered in cheese. Filling up half your plate with vegetables can also help cut portion sizes of other foodsand your fat intake from those foods.

Is Diabetes Diagnosed The Same Way In Every Country

There are four methods of diagnosing diabetes, which are used around the world. They are:

  • Fasting blood glucose level. This is a simple blood test done after you have not eaten for at least 8 hours. Your healthcare team will draw a sample of your blood and send it to a laboratory for analysis. In Canada, a blood glucose level that is 7.0 mmol/L or higher means that a person has diabetes. A level of 6.1 to 6.9 mmol/L indicates that someone has prediabetes.
  • This test also involves analyzing a sample of your blood in a laboratory. A1C is measured as a percentage and reflects your average blood sugar over the past 2-3 months in Canada, an A1C level of 6.5% or higher means that a person has diabetes. A level of 6.0 6.4% indicates prediabetes.
  • Random blood glucose test.If your healthcare team suspects you may be at high risk for diabetes, they may draw your blood to be tested when you visit them, regardless of whether you have been fasting or have eaten recently. In Canada, if the laboratory test confirms a blood glucose level of 11.1 mmol/L or higher, it means that a person has diabetes.
  • Read Also: What Should I Eat During Intermittent Fasting To Lose Weight

    How Do I Check My Blood Sugar

    You use a blood glucose meter to check your blood sugar. This device uses a small drop of blood from your finger to measure your blood sugar level. You can get the meter and supplies in a drug store or by mail.

    Read the directions that come with your meter to learn how to check your blood sugar. Your health care team also can show you how to use your meter. Write the date, time, and result of the test in your blood sugar record. Take your blood sugar record and meter to each visit and talk about your results with your health care team.

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    High morning blood sugar – Doc explains why…. and how to lower high morning fasting blood sugar

    About 1.7% people who took part in this study had hyperthyroidism. Thyroid dysfunction was more common among female patients with metabolic syndrome. In addition, there were significant differences in waist circumference and cholesterol levels among metabolic syndrome patients dab rig reclaim catcher with and without thyroid dysfunction. Therefore, thyroid hormones have an important effect on insulin clearance and secretion, which could describe why thyroid disorders are linked with insulin resistance. It is estimated that million people in the US have insulin resistance.

    Fasting Blood Glucose Level Test Preparation

    There are a few reasons why your blood sugar may be elevated in the morning. First, its important to understand that certain hormonal changes that occur overnight may lead to high blood sugar levels in the morning. However, those that are able to, may wish to keep blood sugar levels below the NICE after meal targets. If youre experiencing low blood sugar in the four to six hours after a meal, thats a sign that your basal insulin dose is too high, says Dr. Spratt. Test your morning blood sugar right away for the most accurate reading. I used to go nordic walking with my poles but one pole broke so now i have to go buy another set of poles,which helps my arthritis and high blood sugar levels that controls my symptoms.

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    Why Should I Care About Blood Sugar Levels In Fasting

    If you have diabetes, you need to be aware of your blood sugar throughout the day regardless of the reasoning behind your fast. When you enter a fasted state, your body doesnt have access to its usual sources of glucose . Instead, your body needs to produce its own sugar. This will cause a variety of fasting blood sugar ranges.

    For those with Type 2 diabetes, your cells resist insulin and dont allow blood sugar to enter them. This causes your blood sugar to rise above healthful levels. When youre fasting, your body produces its own sugar, which can add to your already high levels.

    This is why its important to pay attention to your blood sugar levels in fasting. High blood sugar can lead to excessive thirst, headaches, fatigue, and more. If its ongoing, it can even lead to infections, vision damage, nerve damage, and stomach or intestinal problems.

    If you plan to fast and you have diabetes, its vital to do so only under the care and supervision of your doctor.

    What Is The Fasting Blood Sugar Test Used For

    The fasting blood sugar test is also used to test the effectiveness of different medication or dietary changes on people already diagnosed as diabetic

    Fasting blood sugar levels are measured by taking a blood test after a period of fasting, usually of 8 hours without food. Typically, fasting blood glucose levels are taken in the morning before any breakfast is eaten. When having your fasting blood glucose levels take, you should not have any drinks apart from water during the period of fasting.

    A fasting blood glucose test can be useful to see how well the body is able to manage blood sugar levels in the absence of food. When we do not eat for several hours, the body will release glucose into the blood via the liver and, following this, the bodys insulin should help to stabilise blood glucose levels.

    A fasting blood glucose test therefore shows:

    • Whether the body is able to bring down the raise in blood glucose levels from the previous meal
    • How effectively the body copes with its own release of glucose

    The target for fasting blood glucose levels are the same as the targets for before meal readings.

    • For adults with diabetes, the target level is between 4 and 7 mmol/l
    • For children with diabetes, the target level is between 4 and 8 mmol/l

    However, some people may be set individual targets, by their doctor, that differ to the above levels.

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