Keto Macros For Weight Loss Explained
The keto diet has become extremely popular for weight management. Many people have achieved life-changing and even life-saving weight loss on keto, and hearing or reading about those positive experiences may be what led you here in the first place.
Keto macros work for weight loss by depriving the body of carbohydrates, and therefore glucose, the main fuel used for energy in all cells. Instead, the body turns to an alternative source ketones, which it makes from fat.
When carbohydrate intake is restricted, the body first uses the glucose stored in the liver and breaks down muscle to release more glucose. After just a few days, with no more glucose available, the amount of insulin in the blood diminishes and allows the stored fat to be used as an energy source, turned into ketones by the liver. This state is called ketosis.
So, by significantly reducing carbohydrates and inducing a state of ketosis the body actually burns the stored fat to produce energy while allowing enough protein to preserve muscle.
There are several theories that have been suggested why the keto diet is successful in leading to weight loss. These include:
The high-fat content decreases food cravings.
Restricting carbs leads to a decrease in appetite-stimulating hormones.
Converting fat to fuel requires more calories to be used.
How To Get Started With Intermittent Fasting
There are several types of intermittent fasting you can follow:
- The 16/8 or Leangains Method: Fast for 16 hours per day and eat in the remaining 8-hour window. Most people will skip breakfast and eat from 1pm to 9pm for example.
- The 5:2 Diet: Eat normally for 5 days of the week, but only eat up to 600 calories on the other two days.
- Eat-Stop-Eat or Spontaneous Fasting: Fast for a 12 or 24 hour period multiple times per week. There is no real schedule for this one.
- Alternate Day Fasting: Fast for one day and eat normally the next day. Continue to alternate days of fasting and normal eating.
You can view a more detailed description of each type here.
Recommended Reading: What Is 14 10 Intermittent Fasting
Intermittent Fasting May Not Offer Dramatic Benefits Heres Why
What defines success depends on who you ask.
Intermittent fasting encompasses a few approaches to food: eating during only certain hours of the day, refraining completely on certain days, or drastically reducing calories on a few days of the week. And yet, scientists and practitioners alike insist its not a diet. Its an eating pattern.
The appeal of intermittent fasting to a general audience is arguably just that: its non-dietness. If you limit your eating to certain hours of the day, the reasoning goes, theres no need to restrict calories.
It makes sense then that intermittent fasting is often pitted against calorie restriction specifically reducing calories consumed per day in scientific studies. The question is: Does it actually help people achieve their health goals, would they be better off trying calorie restriction, or should they choose something else entirely?
You May Like: Intermittent Fasting For Middle Aged Woman
Read Also: Is Fasting Good For Eczema
Ready To Make A Lasting Change
A healthier you, wherever you are.
Intermittent fasting is thought to work by helping you eat fewer calories, which causes your body to tap into stored body fat for energy.
According to Gutschow, you lose weight when you eat within a calorie deficit, meaning you burn more calories than you eat. Because intermittent fasting limits when you can eat, it can lead to an overall reduction in calories.
For example, lets say you eat nutritious meals throughout the day but tend to snack mindlessly at night.
If you stick to a 16-hour fasting period that begins at 8 p.m., youll probably avoid eating some of those extra calories when snacking.
In one study, participants who chose to fast for 10- to 12-hour windows averaged a 20% reduction in calories from intermittent fasting alone. The best part? They werent even trying.
Eating within a calorie deficit gives your body a chance to burn stored fat for fuel. Your body uses sugar from foods as a primary fuel sourcebut when thats tapped out, it turns to stored fat for energy.
How Long Does It Take To See Results From A Deficit
There are 3500 calories in a pound of fat, so with a 20% calorie deficit, most people will lose about a pound a week.
Your body can become conditioned to repeated exercise affecting your calorie intake and TDEE.
So switch things up from time to time! Change exercise routines, intensity, and duration.
Recommended Reading: How Much Weight Loss With Fasting
Is Tdee And Bmr The Same
No, they are not.
Every day your body burns a specific number of calories just by existing. This is known as your Basal Metabolic Rate or BMR.
BMR is based on your weight, height, and age but does not include daily activity or exercise.
TDEE is effectively your BMR + extra exercise or activity.
TDEE and BMR are not the same, and as most people do more than lie in bed each day, TDEE is a more helpful tool.
Is Macro Tracking Beneficial During Intermittent Fasting
As stated above, IF does not interfere with the ratio of macronutrients you are allowed to eat, but rather focuses on narrowing down your eating time-window.
For instance, if you want to cut, IF can be quite beneficial since it promotes satiety and suppresses the production of hunger hormones.
Before you decide to track your macros while following IF, it might be a good idea to familiarize yourself with both concepts to avoid any unnecessary adverse effects.
In other words, if you have been tracking your macros for a while, it wont be a problem to also add intermitting fasting to the mix.
To make things easier for you, we programmed an intermittent fasting calculator to provide you with all the information you need for optimal results.
Read Also: Prayer And Fasting For Healing
Should You Try Intermittent Fasting For Weight Loss
There are many effective ways to lose weight, and intermittent fasting is one but its one of many.
Some people find missing just one meal extremely challenging, so its definitely not for everyone.
Also know that some women report issues with menstruation and even fertility problems from long-term fasting. I recommend joining if you want to join the discussion.
And as always you should consult with your doctor before trying any new diet, especially if you take medication.
However, if you are someone who:
- wants to lose belly fat
- is able to skip meals or at least breakfast without complaint
- wants to spend less on food
- wouldnt mind going to the toilet fewer times in a week
- wants to do a lot less cooking and cleaning
intermittent fasting could be game-changing for you.
About Joe Leech, Dietitian
Joe Leech is a university-qualified dietitian from Australia.
He graduated with a Bachelors degree in exercise science, followed by a Masters degree in Nutrition and Dietetics in 2011.
Learn more about him on the About page.
Joe Leech, Dietitian
You May Like: What Can I Eat When I M Fasting
Why Does Your Keto Calculator Only Calculate Net Carbs
Total carbs is not a precise indicator of the carb content of a food. When you see total carbs on a food label, the number beside it represents the cumulative total of grams of dietary fiber, sugar, and sugar alcohol that are in that food item or beverage. Net carb content, on the other hand, relates to the carb content of the food that is digested at four calories per gram and impacts your ketones levels.
For example, if we told you to eat 50 total carbs rather than 20-30 grams of net carbs, you could be eating anywhere between 0 and 50 grams of net carbs. At 0 grams of net carbs, most people will get into ketosis within the first week and experience deeper levels of ketosis as the weeks progress. On the other hand, while eating 50 grams of net carbs per day, many people will struggle to get into ketosis and sustain higher ketone levels.
You May Like: Can I Drink Water During Intermittent Fasting
How Do You Create A Caloric Surplus Or Deficit
The Keto Weight Loss Calculator looks at each person as unique. Based on the information you provide, it will calculate how many calories you need to consume and what your macronutrient breakdown should be to meet your goals.
Macronutrients are the largest nutritional components of our foods and include carbohydrates, fat and protein. The proportion of macros in your daily diet can make or break a diet plan for many people.
The standard macronutrient recommendation for a typical American diet is approximately 50-55% carbohydrates, 15-20% protein and around 30% fat. This typical diet prompts the body to burn carbohydrates for energy. However, for the keto diet, the standard macro intake is 5-10% carbohydrates, 15-30% protein and 60-75% fat, By minimizing your carbohydrate intake, the keto diet basically flips a switch on your metabolism, instead prompting your body to burn fat for energy , which uses calories at a faster rate and spurs on more rapid weight loss.
However, everybody is different and some people find greater success with slight variations of this breakdown. This is why its great to consult with a dietitian or keto calculator to make sure your particular macro-nutrient breakdown will fit your lifestyle and help you reach your goals.
Is Intermittent Fasting Effective
Most individuals adopt intermittent fasting as a means to lose weight. But is it effective? According to several studies, subjects participating in intermittent fasting lost a significant amount of weight. However, when compared to simple calorie restriction, weight loss results were comparable.
So, if losing weight is the only reason you want to try intermittent fasting, be aware that a simple, daily calorie restriction should yield similar results.
BUT there are some additional health benefits to fasting if choosing to adopt this eating pattern.
Dont Miss: How Many Calories Intermittent Fasting 16 8
Don’t Miss: Which Intermittent Fasting Is Most Effective
Are There Downsides To A Keto Diet For An Athlete
There is almost always a reduction in performance levels when you adjust to a keto diet. Your body makes the initial change quite quickly but it takes time to get your physical speed, strength, and endurance back on track. You need to make the switch when you have the time to allow your body to normalize, not when you have an important competition coming up. Some researchers doubt that keto diets can fuel the type of fitness required by high-intensity sports. However, this may be because most studies dont give enough time for the athletes to adapt. It used to be thought that keto athletes were disadvantaged for endurance sports but that may not be the case at all. Until there has been further research, it really is up to the individual athlete and how they feel they perform at their best.
There are variations on the standard keto diet that are used by some athletes and bodybuilders. The cyclical ketogenic diet intersperses keto days with days when you up your carb intake, and the targeted ketogenic diet allows the addition of carbs around your workouts. These are not meant for the less serious athlete, but may be options for those who compete frequently.
Why Choose Intermittent Fasting
There are multiple versions of intermittent fasting, with the 5:2-style approach being the most common. This involves 2 fasting days in the week, where you consume around 500 to 600 calories, and eat a regular diet on the other 5 days. This allows you to reduce calorie intake in a more flexible way for gradual weight loss.
You May Like: How Long To Intermittent Fasting
Whats The Evidence From Human Studies Of Fasting
Most research to date has focused on the weight-loss aspect of fasting, primarily in obese people, and only a few small clinical trials have been conducted. More work is needed to determine which, if any, types of fasting diets have long-term benefits.
Observational studies have been conducted in people who practice fasting in one form or another. In an observational study, the investigator does not determine the treatment to offer and does not randomize subjects into a control group or experimental group. Instead, the investigator records data from real-life situations.
For example, one observational study compared people who routinely fasted to those who did not fast. It found that those who routinely fasted were less likely to have clogged arteries or coronary artery disease. However, the study did not control for other factors that could have affected the results, such as the kind of diet, quality of food consumed, or use of nutritional supplements.
Recommended Reading: What Is 16 Hour Intermittent Fasting
How Long Does Intermittent Fasting Take To Show Results
You might begin to first notice a difference in your body about 10 days after you begin intermittent fasting. It could take between 2-10 weeks for you to lose significant weight. You might lose up to a pound each week.
Usually, the first signs you will notice that scream that your intermittent fasting is working is less bloating. Your midsection might look trimmer just over your first week of intermittent fasting.
Observing weight loss will take a little longer as your body needs some time to adjust to this new diet.
At about the second week is when most people first notice that they have dropped their first few pounds. If you have still not lost any weight by week two, stay consistent for about four or five more weeks and your results should come in soon enough.
Don’t Miss: How Do I Do Intermediate Fasting
The Benefits Of Intermittent Fasting
Intermittent fasting offers a range of health benefits that can help you lose weight and maintain muscle.
Increased growth hormone: IF has been linked to increased production of human growth hormone , which plays a key role in muscle protein synthesis. Increased HGH helps to maintain muscle mass when youre in a calorie deficit.
Cortisol reduction: Intermittent fasting provides stress management as it , often referred to as the stress hormone as well as the belly fat hormone. Elevated cortisol promotes overeating and weight gain by stimulating your appetite for sweet, high-fat, and salty foods.
Insulin sensitivity: IF increases the bodys insulin sensitivity. While insulin is an important anabolic hormone that contributes to muscle growth, an overabundance of insulin prevents fat from being broken down for energy and diverts the fat and sugar you consume into your fat cells. Reducing elevated insulin, while also increasing your bodys sensitivity to it, retains muscle while instructing your body to burn fat for energy.
Enhanced cardiovascular function: Studies have shown that intermittent fasting can improve several risk factors for coronary artery disease and stroke, including a reduction in blood pressure, improvement of cardiovascular stress adaptation, and reduced oxidative damage.
Calories On Keto Explained
Calories are a unit of energy, energy used by the body as fuel, to function, to live, breathe, think and grow. We get calories from all three macros: fats, carbs, and protein. Fats are the most calorie-rich with 9 calories per gram while carbohydrates and protein both provide 4 calories per gram.
Working out your daily calorie requirements can be quite complex. Age, height, weight, body shape and lifestyle all play a part. You can do it manually with difficulty so its better to use an online weight loss calculator like ours. Simply fill in the details about yourself and well let you know your total daily energy expenditure figure and a detailed keto macro daily amount.
The first figure you are looking for is how many calories you need every day in order to fuel your body and its activities, to maintain your weight and body fat. If you are a petite female office worker you will need far fewer calories than a pro linebacker. So, if you use an online calculator you do need to be honest, its not just height and age.
Its a good idea to calculate your calories including your activity level, so you dont consume too little. If you are having a busy day, lots of walking, a gym session then you might want to allow yourself more calories. On the other hand, a day chilling in front of the TV and you may want to cut down a little.
Some people may prefer to write out their keto plan manually, but there are also loads of apps out there to help you keep track:
Don’t Miss: How Do I Know If Intermittent Fasting Is For Me
Overeating During Your Non
If youre feeling extra hungry after a fast, its oh-so-tempting to scarf down whatever is nearby to curb your hunger. This can lead to overeating.
Gutschow suggests planning meals ahead of time to stay on track. Work in balanced choices throughout your day and keep healthy options on hand to fend off hunger pangs.
But remember: going off course doesnt mean youve failed. Life happens, and things wont always go according to your plans.
If you forget to plan and break your fast with a tasty donut or treat, thats okay! Your next meal is a chance to incorporate satisfying options that will help you feel fuller, longer.
How Do You Calculate Keto Ratio
It is possible to go it alone and work out your own specific keto macro ratio based on the approved figures and fine-tune it by experience over time. But why would you want to do that when you can just use a keto calculator?
Our keto macro calculator is simple to use and takes into account:
Based on your answers – and be honest here! – the calculator will work out your Total Daily Energy Expenditure , which is the number of calories you burn in a day.
Then it will ask you to input your goal and then it will calculate the amount and ratio of the macros. In effect it is a calorie deficit calculator and calorie surplus calculator, depending on your needs.
Dont forget keto weight loss calculator recommendations are just a starting point. You want the machine that is your body to be fine-tuned, so its best to start with those macros until youre more experienced and then you can tweak the recommendations if you so choose. Some who have reached their desired keto goals continue to follow the keto diet but adjust their macros a few days a week, similar to the cyclic ketogenic diet described above in which keto days are interspersed with higher carb days.
Don’t Miss: Reviews For Simple Fasting App